Protect Your Business with Key Employee Insurance
Presented by Principal/Managing Partner and Chief Goal Strategist, James Zahansky , AWMA®
You've got a great group working for you and you know that much of that success is due to one or two key people with both skills and personalities that are hard to match. Suppose they were injured and out of work for a while, or suppose they died? Would your business survive? Key employee life and disability insurance coverage can help make sure that it does.
When bad things happen to good people
If a key employee were disabled and out of work, or were to die, your business could suffer a ﬁnancial loss in any of the following ways:
- While the employee is out of work, the revenue that he or she generates may substantially decrease
- You'll incur unexpected expenses recruiting and training a temporary or permanent replacement
- Less capable or inexperienced employees trying to ﬁll in can make mistakes or cause delays that cost you money
- If a key person dies, a business loan may come due
- Customers or even other employees may look elsewhere, concerned for the future of the business after the loss of a key employee
Key employee life and disability insurance policies can help soften the impact of these blows. Generally speaking, these policies are sold to small or medium-size businesses; it's in those operations that a single person can make the most difference to the bottom line. If you own a large company that's better able to absorb the ﬁnancial losses caused by losing a key employee, you may have difﬁculty buying the coverage you desire.
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Some facts about key employee life insurance
Typically, your business purchases a life insurance policy on a key employee, pays the premiums, and is the beneﬁciary in the event of the employee's death. As the owner of the policy, the business may surrender it, borrow against it, and use either the cash value or death beneﬁts as the business sees ﬁt.
In determining how much insurance you'll need, putting a dollar value on a key employee's economic worth may be difﬁcult. Although there are no rules or formulas to follow, several possible methods to determine the insurance amount may be used. The appropriate level of coverage might be the cost of recruiting and training an adequate replacement.
Alternatively, the insurance amount might be the key employee's annual salary times the number of years a newly hired replacement might take to reach a similar skill level. Finally, you might consider the key employee's value in terms of company proﬁts; the level of insurance coverage might then be tied to any anticipated proﬁt loss.
The premiums you pay for key employee life insurance are not a tax-deductible business expense for federal income tax purposes, since your business is the recipient of the beneﬁts. Prior to August 16, 2006, the death beneﬁts your company receives as the beneﬁciary of the policy aren't considered to be taxable income. But for policies issued after August 16, 2006, proceeds from a life insurance policy insuring the life of an employee and payable to the employer-policy owner may be subject to income tax, unless an exception applies.
Also, if your business is a C corporation, the death beneﬁts may increase the corporation's liability for the alternative minimum tax. You should consult a tax professional for information on your circumstances.
Riding out the hurt--key employee disability insurance
The death of a key employee isn't the only threat to your business. Suppose a key employee is injured or becomes ill, and is out of work for an extended period? Disability insurance on such a key employee is another way you can protect your business against any resultant ﬁnancial loss.
A critical part of key employee disability insurance policies is the deﬁnition of disability. Usually, these policies deﬁne disability as the inability of the employee to perform his or her normal job duties due to injury or illness. As with life insurance, your business buys a disability insurance policy on the employee, pays the premiums, and is named as the beneﬁciary. When the employee is disabled, the insurance coverage pays monthly disability beneﬁts to your business. These beneﬁts can equal a certain percentage of the key person's monthly salary, up to either a maximum monthly limit or 100 percent of that salary. The beneﬁts may be used to pay the operating expenses of the business and to cover the expense of ﬁnding a temporary or permanent replacement for the key employee.
The policies typically offer elimination periods (i.e., the waiting period between the disability and when the beneﬁts begin) ranging from 30 to 180 days. Depending on the policy, your business may receive the beneﬁts for 6 to 18 months--long enough to allow the key employee to return to work or to allow the company to replace the key employee. The policy is normally a noncancelable contract, guaranteeing the premiums and the coverage amount. A waiver of premium option can be an important part of these policies. This option provides that, once the elimination period has been satisﬁed, the insurance company will pay the premiums as long as the disability lasts or until the beneﬁt period ends.
Sometimes included in the base disability policy coverage (or available as an optional beneﬁt for an additional premium) is personnel replacement expense coverage that pays for the cost of ﬁnding and hiring a replacement for the key employee. These beneﬁts are usually payable after the key employee's disability has lasted at least 6 months. Your business will be compensated for actual replacement expenses incurred, including advertising costs, employment agency fees, and the ﬁrst 3 months of the new employee's salary.
As with key employee life insurance, the premiums you pay for the key employee disability policy are not a tax-deductible business expense. As a result, the beneﬁts your business receives are not generally considered taxable income.
It can be difficult to think about the loss of a key employee, but planning for the unexpected is a critical component to the success of any business. Determining needs for key employee insurance is one critical part of the overall business financial planning strategy we set out for our business clients in order to help them achieve the goals they’ve set not only for their business, but for their own lives as well. Find out more about how you can Plan Well, Invest Well and Live Well for you and your business on our website at whzwealth.com/business-owners.
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Presented by Principal/Managing Partner, James Zahansky, AWMA®. Securities and advisory services offered through Commonwealth Financial Network®, Member FINRA/SIPC, a Registered Investment Adviser. These materials were sourced from Broadridge Investor Communications and are general in nature and do not address your specific situation. For your specific investment needs, please discuss your individual circumstances with your representative. Weiss, Hale & Zahansky Strategic Wealth Advisors does not provide tax or legal advice, and nothing in the accompanying pages should be construed as specific tax or legal advice. 697 Pomfret Street, Pomfret Center, CT 06259, 860-928-2341. http://www.whzwealth.com.